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NASA Studies

NASA Studies


Electromagnetic energy is the fundamental energy upon which the whole life of an organism depends.
— Nobel Laureate, Dr. Werner Heisenberg

Physiological and Molecular Genetic Effects on Time-Varying Electromagnetic Fields on Human Neuronal Cells

Abstract

"The present investigation details the development of model systems for growing two- and three dimensional human neural progenitor cells within a culture medium facilitated by a time-varying electromagnetic field (TVEMF). The cells and culture medium are contained within a two- or three-dimensional culture vessel, and the electromagnetic field is emitted from an electrode or coil. These studies further provide methods to promote neural tissue regeneration by means of culturing the neural cells in either configuration. Grown in two dimensions, neuronal cells extended longitudinally, forming tissue strands extending axially along and within electrodes comprising electrically conductive channels or guides through which a time-varying electrical current was conducted. In the three-dimensional aspect, exposure to TVEMF resulted in the development of three-dimensional aggregates, which emulated organized neural tissues. In both experimental configurations, the proliferation rate of the TVEMF cells was 2.5 to 4.0 times the rate of the non-waveform cells. Each of the experimental embodiments resulted in similar molecular genetic changes regarding the growth potential of the tissues as measured by gene chip analyses, which measured more than 10,000 human genes simultaneously." - NASA

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Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields—A Countermeasure for Bone Loss and Muscle Atrophy

"Currently, there is a critical need to develop effective countermeasures for bone loss and muscle atrophy to enable future human space exploration to the Moon, Mars and beyond. Progressive muscle atrophy can lead to weakness, fatigue, the inability to perform efficiently assigned tasks, and compromised emergency egress operations. Bone loss causes increased risk of bone fracture and kidney stones, which can also negatively affect mission objectives and success...." - Space Life Sciences

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